Geboren wurde Janis Joplin am Januar in Port Arthur, einer von der Ölindustrie dominierten Kleinstadt in Texas. Aufgewachsen in. 50 Jahre nach dem Drogentod in einem Hotelzimmer ist Janis Joplin eine Pop-Ikone. Die US-Sängerin stieß für viele Frauen in der Rockmusik. Ihre Liveauftritte stellten alles in den Schatten, was Sängerinnen bis dahin dargeboten hatten. Janis Joplins Stimme drang wie ein Nebelhorn.
Janis Joplin Gesangsunterricht als kleines Kind
Janis Lyn Joplin war eine US-amerikanische Rock- und Bluessängerin. Janis Lyn Joplin (* Januar in Port Arthur, Texas; † 4. Oktober in Los Angeles, Kalifornien) war eine US-amerikanische Rock- und Bluessängerin. Janis Joplin prägte die er-Jahre und wurde Teil des legendären „Club 27“. ROLLING STONE erinnert an die unvergleichliche Sängerin. Januar wurde Janis Lyn Joplin in Port Arthur in Texas als ältestes von drei Kindern geboren. Schon bevor sie in die Schule kam konnte. Ihre Liveauftritte stellten alles in den Schatten, was Sängerinnen bis dahin dargeboten hatten. Janis Joplins Stimme drang wie ein Nebelhorn. Geboren wurde Janis Joplin am Januar in Port Arthur, einer von der Ölindustrie dominierten Kleinstadt in Texas. Aufgewachsen in. Janis Joplin. In jener Zeit, in der zottelige Langhaarige noch im Schlamm baden und sich die Blumen noch lieben, macht eine weiße Schwarze auf sich.
Januar wurde Janis Lyn Joplin in Port Arthur in Texas als ältestes von drei Kindern geboren. Schon bevor sie in die Schule kam konnte. Geboren wurde Janis Joplin am Januar in Port Arthur, einer von der Ölindustrie dominierten Kleinstadt in Texas. Aufgewachsen in. 50 Jahre nach dem Drogentod in einem Hotelzimmer ist Janis Joplin eine Pop-Ikone. Die US-Sängerin stieß für viele Frauen in der Rockmusik.
Janis Joplin Kim był Janis Joplin? VideoJanis Joplin - Me \u0026 Bobby McGee
Inne teksty piosenek Janis Joplin 1. Janis Joplin - Hesitation Blues. Janis Joplin - Long Black Train. Janis Joplin - Train.
Janis Joplin - Stealin. Poszukiwane teksty 1. Royal crown revue - Hey pachuco! Bzn - Leef-je-leven. Splashdown - A charming spell. Hans j. Battleme - hot mess - Battleme - hot mess.
Ishi - Emotional hard drive. Her parents felt that Janis needed more attention than their other children. Joplin stated that she was ostracized and bullied in high school.
I read, I painted, I thought. I didn't hate niggers. Joplin graduated from high school in and attended Lamar State College of Technology in Beaumont, Texas , during the summer  and later the University of Texas at Austin UT , though she did not complete her college studies.
Her name is Janis Joplin. Joplin cultivated a rebellious manner and styled herself partly after her female blues heroines and partly after the Beat poets.
She left Texas in January "Just to get away," she said, "because my head was in a much different place" ,  hitchhiking with her friend Chet Helms to North Beach, San Francisco.
Still in San Francisco in , Joplin and future Jefferson Airplane guitarist Jorma Kaukonen recorded a number of blues standards, which incidentally featured Kaukonen's wife Margareta using a typewriter in the background.
In , Joplin was arrested in San Francisco for shoplifting. During the two years that followed, her drug use increased and she acquired a reputation as a "speed freak" and occasional heroin user.
In May , Joplin's friends in San Francisco, noticing the detrimental effects on her from regularly injecting methamphetamine she was described as "skeletal"  and "emaciated"  , persuaded her to return to Port Arthur.
During that month, her friends threw her a bus-fare party so she could return to her parents in Texas. She avoided drugs and alcohol, adopted a beehive hairdo, and enrolled as an anthropology major at Lamar University in nearby Beaumont, Texas.
During her time at Lamar University, she commuted to Austin to sing solo, accompanying herself on acoustic guitar.
One of her performances was at a benefit by local musicians for Texas bluesman Mance Lipscomb , who was suffering with ill health. Joplin became engaged to Peter de Blanc in the fall of In and , Joplin commuted from her family's Port Arthur home to Beaumont, Texas, where she had regular sessions with a psychiatric social worker named Bernard Giarritano  at a counseling agency that was funded by the United Fund, which after her death changed its name to the United Way.
Giarritano tried to reassure her that she did not have to use narcotics in order to succeed in the music business. Approximately a year before Joplin joined Big Brother and the Holding Company , she recorded seven studio tracks with her acoustic guitar.
Among the songs she recorded were her original composition for the song "Turtle Blues" and an alternate version of "Cod'ine" by Buffy Sainte-Marie.
These tracks were later issued as a new album in , titled This is Janis Joplin by James Gurley. In , Joplin's bluesy vocal style attracted the attention of the San Francisco-based psychedelic rock band Big Brother and the Holding Company , which had gained some renown among the nascent hippie community in Haight-Ashbury.
Helms sent his friend Travis Rivers to find her in Austin, Texas, where she had been performing with her acoustic guitar, and to accompany her to San Francisco.
Aware of her previous nightmare with drug addiction in San Francisco, Rivers insisted that she inform her parents face-to-face of her plans, and he drove her from Austin to Port Arthur he waited in his car while she talked with her startled parents before they began their long drive to San Francisco.
Joplin joined Big Brother on June 4, In June, Joplin was photographed at an outdoor concert in San Francisco that celebrated the summer solstice.
The image, which was later published in two books by David Dalton, shows her before she relapsed into drugs. Due to persistent persuading by keyboardist and close friend Stephen Ryder, Joplin avoided drugs for several weeks.
She made Travis Rivers, with whom she shared an apartment upon their arrival in San Francisco, promise that using needles would not be allowed there.
I had never seen anybody explode like that. She was screaming and crying and Travis walked in. She screamed at him: 'We had a pact!
You promised me! There wouldn't be any of that in front of me! I said, 'They're just doing mescaline,' because that's what I thought it was.
She said, 'You don't understand! I can't see that! I just can't stand to see that! A San Francisco concert from that summer was recorded and released in the album Cheaper Thrills.
In July, all five bandmates and guitarist James Gurley 's wife Nancy moved to a house in Lagunitas, California , where they lived communally.
They often partied with the Grateful Dead , who lived less than two miles away. She had a short relationship and longer friendship with founding member Ron "Pigpen" McKernan and would hang out at Ashbury, the former home of Stanley Mouse.
The band went to Chicago for a four-week engagement in August , then found themselves stranded after the promoter ran out of money when their concerts did not attract the expected audience levels, and he was unable to pay them.
The pair lived together as a couple for a few months. Two songs from the second of Big Brother's two sets at Monterey, which they played on Sunday, were filmed their first set, which was on Saturday, was not filmed, though it was audio-recorded.
Some sources, including a Joplin biography by Ellis Amburn, claim that she was dressed in thrift store hippie clothes or second-hand Victorian clothes during the band's Saturday set,  but still photographs do not appear to have survived.
She is seen wearing an expensive gold tunic dress with matching pants. Elliot and the audience are seen in sunlight, but Sunday's Big Brother performance was filmed in the evening.
Only "Ball and Chain" was included in the Monterey Pop film that was released to cinemas throughout the United States in and shown on television in the s.
Those who did not attend the Monterey Pop Festival saw the band's performance of "Combination of the Two" for the first time in when The Criterion Collection released the box set.
For the remainder of , even after Big Brother signed with Albert Grossman, they performed mainly in California.
On February 16, ,  the group began its first East Coast tour in Philadelphia, and the following day gave their first performance in New York City at the Anderson Theater.
Live at Winterland '68 , recorded at the Winterland Ballroom on April 12 and 13, , features Joplin and Big Brother and the Holding Company at the height of their mutual career working through a selection of tracks from their albums.
A recording became available to the public for the first time in when Sony Music Entertainment released the compact disc. On July 31, , Joplin made her first nationwide television appearance when the band performed on This Morning , an ABC daytime minute variety show hosted by Dick Cavett.
Shortly thereafter, network employees wiped the videotape, though the audio survives. In and , Joplin made three appearances on Cavett's prime-time program.
Video was preserved and excerpts have been included in most documentaries about Joplin. Sometime in , the band's billing was changed to "Janis Joplin and Big Brother and the Holding Company,"  and the media coverage given to Joplin generated resentment within the band.
Janis Joplin can sing the chic off any listener. For her first major studio recording, Joplin played a major role in the arrangement and production of the songs that would comprise Big Brother and the Holding Company's second album, Cheap Thrills.
Producer John Simon tried recording the band in concert, to capture their energy in a live album, but several attempts showed the band was prone to mistakes.
Their imprecision was not helped by moving the sessions to a recording studio. Joplin sang take after take of the same song, with her performances consistently good, and she grew frustrated with the band's sloppiness.
Simon was replaced by Elliot Mazer who fixed the songs by overdubbing certain parts. Although Cheap Thrills sounded as if it consisted of concert recordings, like on "Combination of the Two" and "I Need a Man to Love", only "Ball and Chain" was actually recorded in front of a paying audience; the rest of the tracks were studio recordings.
On September 14, , culminating a three-night engagement together at Fillmore West, fans thronged to a concert that Bill Graham publicized as the last official concert of Janis Joplin with Big Brother and the Holding Company.
Despite Graham's announcement that the Fillmore West gig was Big Brother's last concert with Joplin, the band—with Joplin still as lead vocalist—toured the U.
Reflecting Joplin's crossover appeal, two October performances at a roller rink in Alexandria, Virginia, were reviewed by John Segraves of the conservative Washington Evening Star at a time when the Washington metropolitan area's hard rock scene was in its infancy.
Shortly she will be merely Janis Joplin, a vocalist singing folk rock on her first album as a single. Whatever she does and whatever she sings she'll do it well because her vocal talents are boundless.
This is the way she came across in a huge, high-ceilinged roller skating rink without any acoustics but, thankfully a good enough sound system behind her.
In a proper room, I would imagine there would be no adjectives to describe her. Gabriel Mekler, who produced Kozmic Blues , told publicist-turned-biographer Myra Friedman after Joplin's death that she had lived in his Los Angeles house during the June recording sessions at his insistence so he could keep her away from drugs and her drug-using friends.
Joplin's appearances with the Kozmic Blues Band in Europe were released in cinemas, in multiple documentaries. Janis , which was reviewed by the Washington Post on March 21, ,  shows Joplin arriving in Frankfurt by plane and waiting inside a bus next to the Frankfurt venue, while an American female fan who is visiting Germany expresses enthusiasm to the camera no security was used in Frankfurt, so by the end of the concert, the stage was so packed with people the band members could not see each other.
Janis also includes interviews with Joplin in Stockholm and from her visit to London , for her gig at Royal Albert Hall. The London interview was dubbed with a voiceover in the German language for broadcast on German television.
John Byrne Cooke, road manager for Joplin and the Kozmic Blues Band, wrote a book published in in which he discussed her knowledge of the risks of her ongoing use of narcotics, particularly when she was outside the United States.
On Kozmic Blues' tour of Europe, Janis was terrified at every border crossing and customs inspection, knowing that the works and the smack she had stashed on her person could send her directly to jail on a tough rap to beat in foreign courts.
But she was unwilling to go without, so she carried a supply everywhere, despite the risks. As Dick Cavett interviewed Joplin, she admitted that she had a terrible time touring in Europe, claiming that audiences there are very uptight and don't " get down ".
Released in September , the Kozmic Blues album was certified gold later that year but did not match the success of Cheap Thrills.
Some music critics, however, including Ralph J. Gleason of the San Francisco Chronicle , were negative. Gleason wrote that the new band was a "drag" and Joplin should "scrap" her new band and "go right back to being a member of Big Brother Other reviewers, such as reporter Carl Bernstein of the Washington Post , devoted entire articles to celebrating the singer's magic.
Frequently suggestive with a series of limited but obvious moves, Miss Joplin wears hip-hugging silk bellbottoms and alternates between a wail and a teeth-rattling scream.
Like Elvis in his pelvis-moving days or Wayne Cochran with his towering hairdo, Janis is a curiosity as well as a musical attraction. She cultivates a Madame of Rock image, lounging against an organ, exchanging profanities with bandsmen, cackling coarsely at private jokes, even taking a belt or two while onstage.
She also has something to say in her songs, about the raw and rudimentary dimensions of sex, love, and life. She gets her point across, splitting a few eardrums in the process.
Opening the Joplin concert were Teegarden and Van Winkle, an organ-drums duo Before her concert, Miss Joplin walked into the lobby and watched customers sic arrive.
She was not recognized. Columbia Records released " Kozmic Blues " as a single, which peaked at number 41 on the Billboard Hot , and a live rendition of "Raise Your Hand" was released in Germany and became a top ten hit there.
Joplin informed her band that they would be performing at the concert as if it were just another gig. On Saturday afternoon, when she and the band were flown by helicopter with the pregnant Joan Baez and Baez's mother from a nearby motel to the festival site and Joplin saw the enormous crowd, she instantly became extremely nervous and giddy.
Upon landing and getting off the helicopter, Joplin was approached by reporters asking her questions. She referred them to her friend and sometime lover Peggy Caserta as she was too excited to speak.
Initially, Joplin was eager to get on the stage and perform but was repeatedly delayed as bands were contractually obliged to perform ahead of Joplin.
Faced with a ten-hour wait after arriving at the backstage area, Joplin shot heroin and drank alcohol   with Caserta, and by the time of reaching the stage, Joplin was " three sheets to the wind ".
Joplin pulled through, however, and engaged frequently with the crowd, asking them if they had everything they needed and if they were staying stoned.
The audience cheered for an encore, to which Joplin replied and sang "Ball and Chain". Pete Townshend , who performed with the Who later in the same morning after Joplin finished, witnessed her performance and said the following in his memoir: "She had been amazing at Monterey, but tonight she wasn't at her best, due, probably, to the long delay, and probably, too, to the amount of booze and heroin she'd consumed while she waited.
But even Janis on an off-night was incredible. Janis remained at Woodstock for the remainder of the festival. Still photographs in color show Joplin backstage with Grace Slick the day after Joplin's performance, wherein Joplin appears to be very happy.
Joplin was ultimately unhappy with her performance, however, and blamed Caserta. Her singing was not included by her own insistence in the documentary film or the soundtrack for Woodstock: Music from the Original Soundtrack and More , although the 25th anniversary director's cut of Woodstock includes her performance of " Work Me, Lord ".
The documentary film of the festival that was released to theaters in includes, on the left side of a split screen , 37 seconds of footage of Joplin and Caserta walking toward Joplin's dressing room tent.
Friedman said Joplin was "so drunk, so stoned, so out of control, that she could have been an institutionalized psychotic rent by mania.
Joplin told rock journalist David Dalton that Garden audiences watched and listened to "every note [she sang] with 'Is she gonna make it?
At the time of this June interview, she had already performed in the Bay Area for what turned out to be the last time.
Sam Andrew, the lead guitarist who had left Big Brother with Joplin in December to form her back-up band, quit in late summer and returned to Big Brother.
At the end of the year, the Kozmic Blues Band broke up. In February , Joplin traveled to Brazil , where she stopped her drug and alcohol use.
She was accompanied on vacation there by her friend Linda Gravenites, who had designed the singer's stage costumes from to In Brazil, Joplin was romanced by a fellow American tourist named David George Niehaus, who was traveling around the world.
A Joplin biography written by her sister Laura said, "David was an upper-middle-class Cincinnati kid who had studied communications at Notre Dame.
He tried law school, but when he met Janis he was taking time off. According to Joplin biographer Ellis Amburn, in Gravenites' snapshots they "look like a carefree, happy, healthy young couple having a tremendously good time.
Rolling Stone magazine interviewed Joplin during an international phone call, quoting her: "I'm going into the jungle with a big bear of a beatnik named David Niehaus.
I finally remembered I don't have to be on stage twelve months a year. I've decided to go and dig some other jungles for a couple of weeks. When Joplin returned to the U.
Her relationship with Niehaus soon ended because he witnessed her shooting drugs at her new home in Larkspur, California. The relationship was also complicated by her ongoing romantic relationship with Peggy Caserta, who also was an intravenous addict, and Joplin's refusal to take some time off and travel the world with him.
Around this time, she formed her new band, known for a short time as Main Squeeze, then renamed the Full Tilt Boogie Band. Joplin took a more active role in putting together the Full Tilt Boogie band than she did with her prior group.
She was quoted as saying, "It's my band. Finally it's my band! Joplin became very happy with her new group, which eventually received mostly positive feedback from both her fans and the critics.
Recordings from this concert were included in an in-concert album released posthumously in She again appeared with Big Brother on April 12 at Winterland , where she and Big Brother were reported to be in excellent form.
According to Joplin's biographer Ellis Amburn, Big Brother with its lead singer Nick Gravenites was the opening act at the party that was attended by 2, people.
She was like a parody of what she was at her best. I put it down to her drinking too much and I felt a tinge of fear for her well-being.
Her singing was real flabby, no edge at all. Shortly thereafter, Joplin began wearing multi-coloured feather boas in her hair.
Preparing to board the all-star Festival Express train tour through Canada, members of Full Tilt Boogie passed through customs at what was then called Toronto International Airport.
Road manager John Byrne Cooke recalled the scene in his book. The inspecting officers pass [band members except Joplin] through with a few perfunctory pokes in their bags while a diminutive officer with a solemn, round face begins a thorough search of Janis's luggage.
Unaccountably, she seems to welcome his attention. Her suitcase looks as if she packed by throwing clothes at it from across the room. Her hippie handbag is overflowing with odds and ends scooped up at the last minute during the bleary rush of our early-morning departure [from a hotel in Schenectady, New York where they performed the previous night].
That's my toilet kit, man, there might be some pills in there. What the hell is going on? I try to signal Janis to quit goading the inspector so we can get out of here before we all keel over from exhaustion.
I'm afraid to do it too openly for fear of arousing more suspicion. Janis takes no notice. Like a sheep being led to the dipping trough, the officer follows Janis's direction.
He heads straight for the toilet kit and pulls out a bag of powder. My heart skips a beat. Janis can scarcely contain herself. His complexion explores the scarlet end of the spectrum while he moves on quickly to something safer.
But he keeps searching. The border watchdogs can search all day and never find a thing. Janis is clean. She is as respectable as a symphony conductor.
She is proud and she is celebrating. The boys [Full Tilt Boogie musicians] amuse themselves as best they can.
Nothing fancy, just up and down, up and down, grinning as he watches Janis urge the inspector on. Janis prolongs the game until even the obtuse little customs inspector finally realizes that no one who has anything to hide would behave like this.
Joplin headlined the festival on all three nights. At the last stop in Calgary, she took to the stage with Jerry Garcia while her band was tuning up.
Film footage shows her telling the audience how great the tour was and she and Garcia presenting the organizers with a case of tequila. She then burst into a two-hour set, starting with " Tell Mama ".
Throughout this performance, Joplin engaged in several banters about her love life. In one, she reminisced about living in a San Francisco apartment and competing with a female neighbor in flirting with men on the street.
Footage of her performance of "Tell Mama" in Calgary became an MTV video in the early s, and the audio from the same film footage was included on the Farewell Song album.
These performances of entire songs during the Festival Express concerts in Toronto and Calgary can be purchased, although other songs remain in vaults and have yet to be released.
In the "Tell Mama" video shown on MTV in the s, Joplin wore a psychedelically colored, loose-fitting costume and feathers in her hair.
This was her standard stage costume in the spring and summer of She chose the new costumes after her friend and designer, Linda Gravenites whom Joplin had praised in Vogue ' s profile of her in its May edition , cut ties with Joplin shortly after their return from Brazil, due largely to Joplin's continued use of heroin.
During the Festival Express tour, Joplin was accompanied by Rolling Stone writer David Dalton, who later wrote several articles and two books on Joplin.
She told Dalton:. I'm a victim of my own insides. There was a time when I wanted to know everything It used to make me very unhappy, all that feeling.
I just didn't know what to do with it. But now I've learned to make that feeling work for me. I'm full of emotion and I want a release, and if you're on stage and if it's really working and you've got the audience with you, it's a oneness you feel.
In her June 25, appearance, she announced that she would attend her ten-year high school class reunion. When asked if she had been popular in school, she admitted that when in high school, her schoolmates "laughed me out of class, out of town and out of the state"  during the year she had spent at the University of Texas at Austin, Joplin had been voted "Ugliest Man on Campus" by frat boys.
On August 7, , a tombstone—jointly paid for by Joplin and Juanita Green, who as a child had done housework for Bessie Smith —was erected at Smith's previously unmarked grave.
It was there that she first performed " Mercedes Benz ", a song partially inspired by a Michael McClure poem that she had written that day in the bar next door to the Capitol Theatre with fellow musician and friend Bob Neuwirth.
The Harvard Crimson gave the performance a positive, front-page review, despite the fact that Full Tilt Boogie had performed with makeshift amplifiers after their regular sound equipment was stolen in Boston.
Joplin attended her high school reunion on August 14, accompanied by Neuwirth, road manager John Cooke, and sister Laura, but it was reportedly an unhappy experience for her.
When asked by a reporter if she ever entertained at Thomas Jefferson High School when she was a student there, Joplin replied, "Only when I walked down the aisles.
Rothchild , best known for his lengthy relationship with The Doors. Although Joplin died before all the tracks were fully completed, there was enough usable material to compile an LP.
The posthumous Pearl became the biggest-selling album of her career  and featured her biggest hit single, a cover of Kris Kristofferson and Fred Foster 's " Me and Bobby McGee " Kristofferson had previously been Joplin's lover in the spring of Also included was the social commentary of "Mercedes Benz", presented in an a cappella arrangement; the track on the album features the first and only take that Joplin recorded.
A cover of Nick Gravenites 's "Buried Alive in the Blues", to which Joplin had been scheduled to add her vocals on the day she was found dead, was included as an instrumental.
Joplin checked into the Landmark Motor Hotel in Hollywood on August 24, ,  near Sunset Sound Recorders ,  where she began rehearsing and recording her album.
During the sessions, Joplin continued a relationship with Seth Morgan , a year-old UC Berkeley student, cocaine dealer, and future novelist who had visited her new home in Larkspur in July and August.
Morgan later told biographer Myra Friedman that, as a non-musician, he had felt excluded whenever he had visited Sunset Sound Recorders. She told her construction crew to design a carport to be shaped like a flying saucer, according to biographer Ellis Amburn, the concrete foundation for which was poured the day before she died.
Peggy Caserta claimed in her book, Going Down With Janis , that she and Joplin had decided mutually in April to stay away from each other to avoid enabling each other's drug use.
For approximately the first two weeks of Joplin's stay at the Landmark, she did not know Caserta was in Los Angeles. Later, while Friedman was working on her book Buried Alive , she determined that the time frame of the Joplin-Caserta encounter was one week before Jimi Hendrix's death.
Within a few days, Joplin became a regular customer of the same heroin dealer who had been supplying Caserta. Grossman and Friedman knew during Joplin's lifetime that her friend Caserta, whom Friedman met during the New York sessions for Cheap Thrills  and on later occasions, used heroin.
When Joplin was not at Sunset Sound Recorders, she liked to drive her Porsche over the speed limit "on the winding part of Sunset Blvd.
Lennon told Dick Cavett on-camera the following year that Joplin's recorded birthday wishes arrived at his home after her death.
The last recording Joplin completed was on October 1, —"Mercedes Benz". On Saturday, October 3, Joplin visited Sunset Sound Recorders  to listen to the instrumental track for Nick Gravenites 's song "Buried Alive in the Blues", which the band had recorded earlier that day.
At some point on Saturday, she learned by telephone, to her dismay, that Seth Morgan had met other women at a Marin County, California , restaurant, invited them to her home, and was shooting pool with them using her pool table.
What impressed everyone that night when she arrived at the studio was the exceptional brightness of her spirits. Friedman believed the "secret" was marriage plans for Joplin and Morgan.
In a version of Friedman's book that she wrote twenty years later, she said about the hotel's claim of a phone call to City Hall, "This may have been untrue.
By the time they returned to the studio, it was jammed. Nick Gravenites was there. So was song writer Bobby Womack. Bennett Glotzer [Albert Grossman's partner in their New York-based talent management company] was around.
All in all, there were perhaps twenty to twenty-five people present. Janis did not sing that night, but merely listened to the instrumental track the band had completed that day.
It was Nick's song, "Buried Alive in the Blues. Janis was exhilarated by the prospect of doing the vocal on Sunday, a light like a sunburst in her smile and eyes.
Joplin and Ken Pearson later left the studio together and she drove him and a male fan in her Porsche  to the West Hollywood landmark called Barney's Beanery.
Friedman wrote, "At the bar, she drank vodka and orange juice, only two. The last was the Landmark's night shift desk clerk.
He had met her several times but did not know her. Joplin's significant relationships with men included ones with Peter de Blanc,      Country Joe McDonald who wrote the song "Janis" at Joplin's request ,  David George Niehaus,     Kris Kristofferson ,   and Seth Morgan from July until her death, at which time they were allegedly engaged.
She also had relationships with women. Whitaker broke off their relationship because of Joplin's hard drug use and sexual relationships with other people.
Joplin also had an on-again-off-again romantic relationship with Peggy Caserta. Caserta was one of 15 people in the audience,  and at the time, she ran a successful clothing boutique in the Haight Ashbury.
Approximately a month after Caserta attended the concert, Joplin visited her boutique and said she could not afford to buy a pair of jeans that was for sale.
The Woodstock movie includes 37 seconds of Joplin and Caserta walking together before they reached the tent where Joplin waited for her turn to perform.
By the time the festival took place in August , both were intravenous heroin addicts. Caserta "had seen him around" San Francisco but had not met him before.
Caserta suspected that the reason for Joplin's foul mood was that Morgan had abandoned her earlier that day after having spent less than 24 hours with her.
Caserta did not see nor communicate by phone with Joplin again, although she later claimed she had made several attempts to reach her by phone at the Landmark Motor Hotel and at Sunset Sound Recorders.
Caserta and Morgan lost touch with each other, and each decided independently to abandon Joplin on Friday night, October 2. Biographer Myra Friedman commented in her original version of Buried Alive : .
Given the near-infinite potentials of infancy, it is really impossible to make generalizations about what lies behind sexual practices.
This, however, is probable: to become clearly homosexual, to make the choice that one honestly prefers relations with one's own sex, no matter the origins of such preference, requires a certain integration, a stability of psychic development, a tidiness of personality organization.
The ridicule and the humiliation that took place at that most delicate period in [Joplin's] early teens, her own inability to surmount the obstacles to regular growth, devastated her a great deal more than most people comprehended.
Janis was not heir to an ego so cohesive as to permit her an identity one way or the other. She was, as [the psychiatric social worker she saw regularly in Beaumont, Texas in and ] Mr.
That had as much to do with her original use of drugs [before she first met Giarritano] as did the critical component of guilt and its multiplicity of sources above and beyond the contribution made by her relationships with women.
Were she so simple as the lesbians wished her to be or so free as her associates imagined! Joplin sang with Full Tilt Boogie and appeared briefly onstage with Big Brother without singing, according to the next day's review in the San Diego Union.
She had a conversation offstage with her old friend Richard Hundgen, the Grateful Dead 's San Francisco-based road manager whom she had known since , in which she said:.
I hear a rumor that somebody in San Francisco is spreading stories that I'm a dyke. You go back there and find out who it is and tell them that Janis says she's gotten it on with a couple of thousand cats in her life and a few hundred chicks and see what they can do with that!
In the late afternoon of Sunday, October 4, , producer Paul Rothchild became concerned when Joplin failed to show up at Sunset Sound Recorders for a recording session in which she was scheduled to provide the vocal track for the instrumental track of the song "Buried Alive in the Blues".
Cooke and two of his friends noticed her psychedelically painted Porsche C Cabriolet in the hotel parking lot. Upon entering her room , he found her dead on the floor beside her bed.
Alcohol was present in the room. Newspapers reported that no drugs or paraphernalia were present. It did not. When, after a while, she walked out to the lobby [from her room at the Landmark Motor Hotel], she could not have known she was dying.
There she chatted with the hotel clerk for a second and asked him to change a five-dollar bill for cigarettes, which she purchased [from the cigarette machine in the lobby].
Alcohol was also present in the blood, and her liver showed the effects of long-term heavy drinking. Additional tests for barbiturates , phenothiazine , amphetamines , Librium , Valium , Noludar , meprobamate , methadone , Soma , Quaalude and codeine were negative.
Much mystery surrounded the fact that Janis had not died immediately. Some people insisted that a heroin overdose could not have happened as it did.
The Medical Examiner 's Office of New York County [where Friedman lived] informs me that while it is more common for an OD to occur instantly after an injection, a delay until the moment of death is not so strikingly unusual.
Clarifying this further, the Consumers Union Report on Licit and Illicit Drugs states that the term "overdose" is most frequently erroneous.
The report cites information that those sudden deaths following an injection of heroin are actually the result of an adulteration of the product with various substances or of other mysterious factors: what is called a " synergistic reaction " to a combination of drugs, for example, or of other toxic factors.
Death from what is literally an overdose of heroin itself is, in fact, usually slow. Peggy Caserta, Joplin's close friend, and Seth Morgan , Joplin's fiance, both had failed to meet Joplin the Friday immediately prior to her death, October 2, and Joplin had been expecting both of them to keep her company that night.
According to Caserta, Joplin was saddened that neither of her friends visited her at the Landmark as they had promised.